Though there is much impetus on childhood vaccination, the Government has not focused on adult immunization, though public health experts recommend immunization throughout life for preventing infectious diseases.
Though adults are less likely to fall prey to traditional infectious agents, emerging and re-emerging diseases world over has complicated the fragile health scenario.
Vaccines for adults are required for diseases such as Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, HPV, Diphtheria, tetatus, pertussis, meningococcal disease, influenza, pneumococcal pneumonia, chicken pox, measles, mumps, rubella, malaria, Japanese encephalitis etc.
Few vaccines that have been recommended by Advisory committee of Immunisation practice are:
At present our public health system has reached a stage where basic infrastructure for immunization system for vaccine delivery and vaccine production are in place. So a potential exists where in we can expand our immunization system,, beyond infancy to accommodate adult vaccines. However there are few bottlenecks in adult immunization, which are:
Limited perception on part of health providers and beneficiaries that adult vaccine preventable diseases are significant in terms of public health
There exists a doubt about efficacy of such vaccines
Lastly adult immunization is selective and not universal,there exists different vaccines for different age group
It is therefore, the need of the hour to priortize adult vaccination and steer research priorities accordingly.
Vaccines for adults are required for diseases such as Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, HPV, Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, meningococcal disease, influenza, pneumococcal pneumonia, chicken pox, measles, mumps, rubella, malaria, Japanese encephalitis etc.